Lifestyle disorders and depression form a two-way street

Follow the formula of 80 to prevent diseases and live healthy
New Delhi, April 11, 2019 :

Patients with heart diseases often experience difficulty in thinking and likely suffer depression, a new study has found. The circadian mechanism influences neural effects of heart failure. Human patients with heart failure often have neurological conditions such as cognitive impairment and depression. Though there is no cure for the heart condition, understanding how the circadian mechanism works in the brain may lead to new strategies to improve patients’ quality of life.

As per another study, severely mentally ill people are more than three times as likely to die from coronary heart disease and stroke than those not suffering from mental illness. Mental illness more than doubled the risk of dying from heart disease for people up to age 75. The risk of dying from heart disease was even higher among those taking antipsychotic medications.

Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee, Dr KK Aggarwal, President, HCFI, said, “Depression, severe mental illness and loneliness are linked to heart disease and dementia. There is correlation between depression and hardening of the arteries. The arteries of those who are most depressed are narrowed twice as much as those who are least depressed. Hardening of the arteries is a precursor to a heart attack or stroke. Depression may also upset the body’s regulation of glands that release chemicals governing energy level and growth and alter the functioning of cells responsible for blood clotting. Hardening of the arteries leads to an overreaction of the immune system and the resulting inflammation is known to release chemicals that can cause the diseases.”

Negative stress is more dangerous than positive stress and it is jealousy, anger and cynicism which are associated with heart attack. The answer lies in managing stress by acting on a personal situation and not reacting to it. In children the same type of stress, especially during exam days, can end up with anxiety, insomnia and suicidal attempts.

Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, said, “There is a very small percentage of participant with favorable factors for not getting heart problems. This reiterates the need to adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle to have a healthy heart and this should begin early on in life. As doctors, it falls upon us to educate our patients and make them aware of ways to live a healthy lifestyle to reduce the burden of disease in older age. I teach my patients the Formula of 80 to live up to the age of 80 years.”

  • Keep lower blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ‘bad’ cholesterol, fasting sugar, resting heart rate and abdominal girth all below 80.
  • Keep kidney and lung functions >80%.
  • Engage in recommended amounts of physical activity (minimum 80 min of moderately strenuous exercise per week). Walk 80 min a day, brisk walk 80 min/week with a speed of at least 80 steps per min.
  • Eat less and not >80 gm or mL of caloric food each meal.
  • Take 80 mg atorvastatin for prevention, when prescribed.
  • Keep noise levels below 80 dB.
  • Keep particulate matter PM 2.5 and PM 10 levels below 80 mcg per cubic meter.
  • Achieve 80% of target heart rate when doing heart conditioning exercise.

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