Recurrent kidney stones

New Delhi, March 20, 2017: About half of individuals who build up a kidney stone will think that its repeating in any event once at some stage.

Lifetime commonness of kidney stones is around 13% in men and 7% in ladies. Without treatment, roughly 35% to half of those with kidney stones will encounter repeat inside 5 years from the principal stone.

Padma Shri Awardee Dr K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) and National President Indian Medical Association (IMA) in a joint explanation stated, “A stone may bring about no issues yet frequently it causes torment. Most kidney stones are little and go out with the pee. A few stones get to be distinctly stuck in a kidney or in the tube emptying pee out of the kidney (the ureter). They can then bring about diligent side effects or issues. There are different treatment alternatives to evacuate a stuck stone. About portion of individuals who have a kidney stone build up another at a later time in their life. Drinking a lot of water every day may keep this from happening once more (a repeat).”


“A few stones get to be distinctly stuck in a kidney or in one of the tubes emptying pee out of a kidney (the ureter) and cause tenacious indications or issues. In these cases, the torment normally gets to be distinctly extreme and you may should be admitted to healing facility. Infrequently a vast stone can totally hinder the entry of pee down one of the tubes emptying pee out of the kidney (the ureter). This may prompt to disease or harm to the kidney. This is normally evaded, as X-beams or outputs will distinguish a blockage and substantial stones can be expelled.”, includes Dr K Aggarwal.

Following are some guidelines:

  • Increase fluid intake to achieve at least 2 L of urine per day. “Increased fluid intake spread throughout the day can decrease stone recurrence by at least half with virtually no side effects. However, people who already drink the recommended amount of liquids, or when increased fluid intake is contraindicated, should not increase their fluid intake.
  • Available evidence shows no difference between intake of tap water or intake of a specific brand of mineral water in preventing kidney stones.
  • If drinking increased amounts of water is ineffective in preventing kidney stones, one may try pharmacologic monotherapy with a thiazide diuretic, citrate, or allopurinol. These three types of drugs effectively reduced recurrence of composite calcium stones in patients who had a history of two or more stones. Combination therapy is no more effective than monotherapy. All these drugs were associated with adverse events. For thiazides, these were orthostasis, gastrointestinal upset, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, and muscle symptoms. Citrates are associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and allopurinol with rash, acute gout, and leukopenia.
  • Patients should reduce intake of colas and other soft drinks acidified with phosphoric acid, as lower consumption is linked to lower risk for stone recurrence.
  • Fruit-flavored soft drinks can be taken as they are often acidified with citric acid.
  • Patients should reduce consumption of dietary oxalate, typically found in chocolate, beets, nuts, rhubarb, spinach, strawberries, tea, and wheat bran.
  • Patients should eat less dietary animal protein and purines.
  • Patients should maintain normal dietary calcium.

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