About Neonatology

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or requiring special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxias.

While high infant mortality rates were recognized by the British medical community at least as early as the 1860s, modern neonatal intensive care is a relatively recent advance. In 1898 Dr. Joseph DeLee established the first premature infant incubator station in Chicago, Illinois. The first American textbook on prematurity was published in 1922. In 1952 Dr. Virginia Apgar described the Apgar score scoring system as a means of evaluating a newborn’s condition. It was not until 1965 that the first American newborn intensive care unit (NICU) was opened in New Haven, Connecticut and in 1975 the American Board of Pediatrics established sub-board certification for neonatology.

The 1950s brought a rapid escalation in neonatal services with the advent of mechanical ventilation of the newborn. This allowed for survival of smaller and smaller newborns. In the 1980s, the development of pulmonary surfactant replacement therapy further improved survival of extremely premature infants and decreased chronic lung disease, one of the complications of mechanical ventilation, among less severely premature infants. In 2006 newborns as small as 450 grams and as early as 22 weeks gestation have a chance of survival. In modern NICUs, infants weighing more than 1000 grams and born after 27 weeks gestation have an approximately 90% chance of survival and the majority have normal neurological development.

6 thoughts on “About Neonatology

  • Tuesday, 23 May 2017, 5:45 at 5:45 am
    Permalink

    After research a few of the weblog posts in your website now, and I truly like your manner of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site record and will be checking back soon. Pls take a look at my website online as effectively and let me know what you think.

    http://www.corburterilio.com/

    Reply
  • Wednesday, 24 May 2017, 23:59 at 11:59 pm
    Permalink

    Superb blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of community where I can get feedback from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Cheers!

    http://www.borvestinkral.com/

    Reply
  • Tuesday, 13 June 2017, 7:41 at 7:41 am
    Permalink

    As soon as I discovered this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

    http://www.borvestinkral.com/

    Reply
  • Wednesday, 21 June 2017, 14:14 at 2:14 pm
    Permalink

    These text loans United kingdom has become favorite as cheaper in interest are made according into the needs of young
    those. You don’t need to know much to get text student loan. You just have to know to the loan items. http://meatcatsup4.diowebhost.com/1470068/effective-strategies-for-mobile-phone-insurance-that-you-can-use-starting-today

    Reply
  • Tuesday, 27 June 2017, 17:38 at 5:38 pm
    Permalink

    Will is inspired by it and introduces a new assignment: Twerk.|The girls are told they don’t have to take portion but whoever wins will get a date with the boy of their selection.|She’s appeared in a number of music videos for artists like, Ludacris ,

    http://aleidapeeples26.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-19.html

    Reply
  • Wednesday, 6 September 2017, 13:46 at 1:46 pm
    Permalink

    This article really helped me understand more about what neonatology is and how it is really beneficial to new born infants that are ill or premature. My sister was asking me about the subject since she seems to be interested in learning more about it and joining that career path. I will have to let her know that the principal patients of neonatologists are newborns infants that require special medical care. http://kidzmedical.com/careers/

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

one × 4 =

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!